Autopsy of Architecture

Stories Behind the Nation's Historic Buildings & Structures

Tag: indiana

The Gary-Alerding Settlement House

Photo © 2020 David Bulit, Gary-Alerding Settlement House - Gary, Indiana

In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, many workers including those in the steel industry faced unsafe working conditions, long hours, and low wages. Unions were organized to address these issues but they were hardly successful in improving workers’ conditions. The situation improved briefly during World War I as companies were concerned with strikes

Lovell’s Barber College

Photo © 2019 David Bulit, Lovell's Barber College - Gary, Indiana

Lovell Amison was born in 1912 to Pearlene and Willie Amison in Tuscaloosa, Alabama. He came to Gary, Indiana at an early age and it was there he met Zelda Laverne Perkins. The two married in 1953 and had one daughter together, Sheryl Denyce Amison along with his stepson, Charles Banks, and two stepdaughters, Laverne

Garnett Elementary School

Photo © 2020 David Bulit, Garnett Elementary School - Gary, Indiana

Garnett Elementary School, although small and modest, is widely known as the elementary school Michael Jackson first attended at the age of six with some of his siblings, located just two blocks away from his childhood home. It was at Garnett Elementary that Michael sang “Climb Ev’ry Mountain” with his mother, father, and grandfather in

Memorial Auditorium

Photo © 2020 David Bulit, Memorial Auditorium - Gary, Indiana

The Gary Memorial Auditorium is an abandoned civic center in Gary, Indiana, constructed to commemorate residents of the city of Gary that were killed fighting in World War I. Commissioned by the Gary Land Company, a subsidiary of the U.S. Steel Company, the building was designed by local architect Joseph Henry Wildermuth who had previously

Horace Mann High School

Photo © 2020 David Bulit, Horace Mann High School - Gary, Indiana

Following the success of Gary School Superintendent William Wirt’s new Work-Play-Study system of education at Emerson High School, Wirt drew up plans for the establishment of four schools over the next two decades. Froebel, Roosevelt, Lew Wallace, and Horace Mann were planned to be similar to Emerson, all three stories tall and constructed in the


Photo © 2020 David Bulit, Marktown - East Chicago, Indiana

Marktown is a former company town constructed for the Mark Manufacturing Company and the brainchild of Clayton Mark. Mark was born in 1858 in Fredricksburg, Pennsylvania, the son of Cyrus and Rebecca Mark. Clayton moved to Chicago with his family in 1872 where he attended public school until dropping out after the seventh grade. After

Kizer House

Photo © 2020 David Bulit, Kizer Mansion - South Bend, Indiana

Currently undergoing restoration, The Kizer House, also known as the Castle, was built around 1888 by businessman William L. Kizer for his family. The two and a half story home was designed in the Romanesque style, built of ashlar stone with an irregular plan, high pitched roof, and corner turret giving it the appearance of

Emerson High School

Photo © 2020 David Bulit, Emerson High School - Gary, Indiana

Bearing the name of transcendentalist writer, lecturer, and philosopher, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Emerson School was Gary’s first high school and was also the first public school in the city to implement Gary School Superintendent William Wirt’s new Work-Study-Play system of education. Wirt developed a “Whole Child” philosophy while assuming the post of school superintendent in

H. Gordon & Sons Department Store

Photo © 2020 David Bulit, H. Gordon and Sons Department Store - Gary, Indiana

The former H. Gordon and Sons Department Store is an abandoned four-story brick building located in downtown Gary, Indiana. The building was originally constructed for the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks to serve as a lodge. In 1923, architecture firm George W. Maher & Son was commissioned to design a new temple of the

United States Post Office – Gary, Indiana

Photo © 2020 David Bulit, United States Post Office - Gary, Indiana

The former United States Post Office located in downtown Gary, Indiana was constructed in 1936 as part of the New Deal, a series of programs, public works projects, financial reforms, and regulations established by President Franklin D. Roosevelt to respond to needs for relief, reform, and recovery from the Great Depression. The new post office